CONTACT
This project is funded by the European Union under the Seventh Framework Programme Grant Agreement n°313082
European Union

Publications

Dataset-specific publications can be found at http://datasets.risis.eu (e.g. check EUPRO use cases).

2016

  • L. Patricia, L. B. Christian, S. Antoine, and L. Stéphane, “Technological contribution of mnes to the growth of energy-greentech sector in the early post-kyoto period,” Environmental economics and policy studies, vol. 18, iss. 2, pp. 169-191, 2016. doi:10.1007/s10018-015-0125-2
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    We consider the commitment of large firms with high R{&}D investments to the development of technologies of climate change mitigation related to the production or storage of energy. We analyze such climate change mitigation technologies focused on energy production and storage (energy CCMT) across the globe with the aim of assessing whether the Kyoto Protocol fosters the diffusion of inventive activity in energy greentech. Using patents as the key dataset, we give an empirical description of the corporate patenting activity and assess its contribution to the overall energy CCMT inventions across countries and sectors of energy greentech before and after the signing of the Kyoto Protocol (1997). Our observations indicate that climate change issues and greentech development have not been prioritized to the same extent by firms of western countries as opposed to, for example, Japanese firms in the beginning of the 2000s. However, we witness a growing commitment in most of the western countries. US large firms were more prone to gain skills in renewable energy technologies than most of their European counterparts, which continue to heavily invest in traditional energies such as Nuclear energy and Combustion.

    @article{Laurens2016,
    abstract = {We consider the commitment of large firms with high R{\&}D investments to the development of technologies of climate change mitigation related to the production or storage of energy. We analyze such climate change mitigation technologies focused on energy production and storage (energy CCMT) across the globe with the aim of assessing whether the Kyoto Protocol fosters the diffusion of inventive activity in energy greentech. Using patents as the key dataset, we give an empirical description of the corporate patenting activity and assess its contribution to the overall energy CCMT inventions across countries and sectors of energy greentech before and after the signing of the Kyoto Protocol (1997). Our observations indicate that climate change issues and greentech development have not been prioritized to the same extent by firms of western countries as opposed to, for example, Japanese firms in the beginning of the 2000s. However, we witness a growing commitment in most of the western countries. US large firms were more prone to gain skills in renewable energy technologies than most of their European counterparts, which continue to heavily invest in traditional energies such as Nuclear energy and Combustion.},
    author = {Patricia, Laurens and Christian, Le Bas and Antoine, Schoen and Stéphane, Lhuillery},
    doi = {10.1007/s10018-015-0125-2},
    interhash = {1450c25856bc84fe1b1efc8040f59ec0},
    intrahash = {f18c3f73ed832ddccb8b08316387a5b8},
    issn = {1867-383X},
    journal = {Environmental Economics and Policy Studies},
    number = 2,
    pages = {169-191},
    title = {Technological contribution of MNEs to the growth of energy-greentech sector in the early post-Kyoto period},
    url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10018-015-0125-2},
    volume = 18,
    year = 2016
    }

  • L. Patricia, L. B. Christian, L. Stéphane, and S. Antoine, “Economics of innovation and new technology,” Economics of innovation and new technology., vol. 26, iss. 4, pp. 311-333, 2016.
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    This paper develops a theoretical model of product innovation where research and development (R&D) effort by a monopolist firm is endogenous and its outcome uncertain. The government attempts to aid such efforts with a matching grant. We consider different scenarios depending on whether two parties act simultaneously, act sequentially, or take part in a dynamic cooperative game with a trigger strategy. We also consider cases (i) when the products are exported, (ii) when the firm lobbies for R&D subsidy, and (iii) when the firm is foreign owned. We characterize situations when government intervention increases the chances of product innovation and when it does not.

    @article{patricia1990economics,
    abstract = {This paper develops a theoretical model of product innovation where research and development (R&D) effort by a monopolist firm is endogenous and its outcome uncertain. The government attempts to aid such efforts with a matching grant. We consider different scenarios depending on whether two parties act simultaneously, act sequentially, or take part in a dynamic cooperative game with a trigger strategy. We also consider cases (i) when the products are exported, (ii) when the firm lobbies for R&D subsidy, and (iii) when the firm is foreign owned. We characterize situations when government intervention increases the chances of product innovation and when it does not.},
    address = {Chur; New York},
    author = {Patricia, Laurens and Christian, Le Bas and Stéphane, Lhuillery and Antoine, Schoen},
    interhash = {edd1e3e1627692da07cdd37e46f3a5e9},
    intrahash = {9eadf34855ca175102fc19e531595128},
    issn = {10438599},
    journal = {Economics of innovation and new technology.},
    number = 4,
    pages = {311-333},
    publisher = {Harwood Academic},
    refid = {19583017},
    title = {Economics of innovation and new technology},
    url = {http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=10438599&dblist=638&fq=dt%3Aser&qt=facet_dt%3A},
    volume = 26,
    year = 2016
    }

  • S. Schlobach, A. Koudous Idrissou, R. Hoekstra, A. Khalili, F. Van Harmelen, and P. Van den Besselaar, “Interim report on the disambiguation results, risis deliverable d25-1,” 2016.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @techreport{schlobach2016interim,
    author = {Schlobach, Stefan and Koudous Idrissou, Al and Hoekstra, Rinke and Khalili, Ali and Van Harmelen, Frank and Van den Besselaar, Peter},
    interhash = {eed015b581a4f723074b3a9834236eb8},
    intrahash = {7f69aeaa42df833983d6b0e151dafb5a},
    title = {Interim report on the disambiguation results, RISIS deliverable D25-1},
    url = {https://www.dropbox.com/s/o77uxiqc914tj4s/D25-1.pdf?dl=0},
    year = 2016
    }

  • P. van den Besselaar, A. Khalili, K. A. De Graaf, A. Koudous Idrissou, A. Loizou, S. Schlobach, and F. van Harmelen, “Towards an open data infrastructure for sti data. oecd blue sky conference, gent, september 2016.” 2016.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @conference{vandenbesselaar2016towards,
    author = {van den Besselaar, Peter and Khalili, Ali and De Graaf, Klaas Andries and Koudous Idrissou, Al and Loizou, Anthonis and Schlobach, Stefan and van Harmelen, Frank},
    interhash = {105923b865c3380477114c601554a13d},
    intrahash = {cf7530689bbdb7830e761932430d3e64},
    title = {Towards an open data infrastructure for STI data. OECD Blue Sky Conference, Gent, September 2016},
    url = {https://www.dropbox.com/s/gqq2ojc4z41e3dn/2016BlueSkyV4.pdf?dl=0},
    year = 2016
    }

  • P. van den Besselaar, A. Khalili, A. Koudous Idrissou, S. Schlobach, and F. van Harmelen, “Sms: a linked open data infrastructure for science and innovation studies.,” in Peripheries, frontiers and beyond; proceedings of the 21st sti conference, 2016, pp. 106-114.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @inproceedings{vandenbesselaar2016linked,
    author = {van den Besselaar, Peter and Khalili, Ali and Koudous Idrissou, Al and Schlobach, Stefan and van Harmelen, Frank},
    booktitle = { Peripheries, Frontiers and Beyond; proceedings of the 21st STI Conference},
    editor = {Rafols, Ismael},
    interhash = {cc1fcb05d9c176e08c9470536c92703d},
    intrahash = {efe48d3142512c3fda625fc755ffd1a9},
    pages = {106-114},
    publisher = {University Valencia},
    title = {SMS: a linked open data infrastructure for science and innovation studies.},
    url = {https://www.dropbox.com/s/u5rk2bzxaupssdn/20160914%20SMS%20STI.pdf?dl=0},
    year = 2016
    }

  • P. Van den Besselaar and U. Sandström, “What is the required level of data cleaning? a research evaluation case,” Journal of scientometric research, vol. 5, iss. 1, pp. 7-12, 2016.
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    Bibliometric methods depend heavily on the quality of data, and cleaning and disambiguating data are very timeconsuming. Therefore, quite some effort is devoted to the development of better and faster tools for disambiguating of the data (e.g., Gurney et al. 2012). Parallel to this, one may ask to what extent data cleaning is needed, given the intended use of the data. To what extent is there a trade-off between the type of questions asked and the level of cleaning and disambiguating required? When evaluating individuals, a very high level of data cleaning is required, but for other types of research questions, one may accept certain levels of error, as long as these errors do not correlate with the variables under study. In this paper, we present an earlier case study with a rather crude way of data handling as it was expected that the unavoidable error would even out. In this paper, we do a sophisticated data cleaning and disambiguation of the same dataset, and then do the same analysis as before. We compare the results and discuss conclusions about required data cleaning.

    @article{noauthororeditor2016required,
    abstract = {Bibliometric methods depend heavily on the quality of data, and cleaning and disambiguating data are very timeconsuming. Therefore, quite some effort is devoted to the development of better and faster tools for disambiguating of the data (e.g., Gurney et al. 2012). Parallel to this, one may ask to what extent data cleaning is needed, given the intended use of the data. To what extent is there a trade-off between the type of questions asked and the level of cleaning and disambiguating required? When evaluating individuals, a very high level of data cleaning is required, but for other types of research questions, one may accept certain levels of error, as long as these errors do not correlate with the variables under study. In this paper, we present an earlier case study with a rather crude way of data handling as it was expected that the unavoidable error would even out. In this paper, we do a sophisticated data cleaning and disambiguation of the same dataset, and then do the same analysis as before. We compare the results and discuss conclusions about required data cleaning.},
    author = {Van den Besselaar, Peter and Sandström, Ulf},
    interhash = {d1b943ec75ff34a3f1cbeb776296d798},
    intrahash = {9efce4d901907ac9fbc30a958e657a91},
    journal = {Journal of Scientometric Research},
    number = 1,
    pages = {7-12},
    title = {What is the required level of data cleaning? A research evaluation case },
    url = {http://jscires.org/article/124},
    volume = 5,
    year = 2016
    }

  • J. Lange, A. Lietz, J. Ambrasat, J. Tesch, and A. Wegner, “The german doctoral candidates and doctorate holders study profile,” Jahrbücher für nationalökonomie und statistik / journal of economics and statistics, 2016. doi:10.1515/jbnst-2015-1037
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @article{Lange.2016,
    author = {Lange, Janine and Lietz, Almuth and Ambrasat, Jens and Tesch, Jakob and Wegner, Antje},
    doi = {10.1515/jbnst-2015-1037},
    interhash = {7f7a0ac51d33871235ad3e2d4c12d138},
    intrahash = {bc6d392c1478d73561a8cf97ca272b2a},
    journal = {Jahrb{\"u}cher f{\"u}r National{\"o}konomie und Statistik / Journal of Economics and Statistics},
    month = nov,
    title = {The German Doctoral Candidates and Doctorate Holders Study ProFile},
    url = {https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/jbnst.ahead-of-print/jbnst-2015-1037/jbnst-2015-1037.xml},
    year = 2016
    }

  • R. Woolley, C. Cañibano, and J. Tesch, A functional review of literature on research careers, 2016.
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    This working paper was developed as part of the Research Infrastructure for Science and Innovation Policy Studies (RISIS)3. In particular it comes from the work of WP24: ‘Conceptual framework for the study of researchers’ careers’. It is designed to systematically reflect upon available theories and empirical developments leading to the proposal of a conceptual framework that will identify: i) main career types of PhD holders; ii) key milestones in career development of each type; and iii) main factors affecting the career decision-making and development process, including personal, organizational, disciplinary, job market and systemic factors. The starting point for this task is the conception of the career as an interactive decision-making process, where career decisions are shaped and taken based on a set of framework conditions. The broad target population both for the conceptual and subsequent empirical exercises are PhD students and holders in all fields of knowledge. The work will focus on providing the following main analytical tools: 1. A typology of careers for PhD students/holders, taking into account both disciplinary and cross-country diversity. Special attention will be devoted to assess the difference between conventional research careers, both in the public and private sector and more unconventional career types (Lee et al., 2010); 2. A sequence of main career milestones for each identified career type; and 3. A structured framework of main factors shaping the career decision-making and development process. A set of most relevant factors will be proposed, taking into account the above-mentioned factors as well as their mutual interaction. Special attention will be paid to cross-country and disciplinary diversity. Whilst there is indeed a significant amount of literature that addresses aspects of science or research careers, one of the main objectives of this paper is to assess how well this literature facilitates the development of the analytical tools specified above.

    @unpublished{richardwoolleycarolinacanibano2016functional,
    abstract = {This working paper was developed as part of the Research Infrastructure for Science and Innovation Policy Studies (RISIS)3. In particular it comes from the work of WP24: ‘Conceptual framework for the study of researchers’ careers’.
    It is designed to systematically reflect upon available theories and empirical developments leading to the proposal of a conceptual framework that will identify:
    i) main career types of PhD holders;
    ii) key milestones in career development of each type; and
    iii) main factors affecting the career decision-making and development process, including personal, organizational, disciplinary, job market and systemic factors.
    The starting point for this task is the conception of the career as an interactive decision-making process, where career decisions are shaped and taken based on a set of framework conditions. The broad target population both for the conceptual and subsequent empirical exercises are PhD students and holders in all fields of knowledge.
    The work will focus on providing the following main analytical tools:
    1. A typology of careers for PhD students/holders, taking into account both disciplinary and cross-country diversity. Special attention will be devoted to assess the difference between conventional research careers, both in the public and private sector and more unconventional career types (Lee et al., 2010);
    2. A sequence of main career milestones for each identified career type; and
    3. A structured framework of main factors shaping the career decision-making and development process. A set of most relevant factors will be proposed, taking into account the above-mentioned factors as well as their mutual interaction. Special attention will be paid to cross-country and disciplinary diversity.
    Whilst there is indeed a significant amount of literature that addresses aspects of science or research careers, one of the main objectives of this paper is to assess how well this literature facilitates the development of the analytical tools specified above.
    },
    author = {Woolley, Richard and Cañibano, Carolina and Tesch, Jacob},
    editor = {Series, INGENIO Working Paper},
    interhash = {b7abaad9ab9855d2d8252557ce675b21},
    intrahash = {fae87a40b2dde515dff22585dc7b530d},
    title = {A Functional Review of Literature on Research Careers},
    url = {http://www.ingenio.upv.es/es/working-papers/functional-review-literature-research-careers#.V4YO5aLqVRo},
    year = 2016
    }

  • E. S. Vieira and B. Lepori, “The growth process of higher education institutions and public policies,” Journal of informetrics, vol. 10, iss. 1, pp. 286-298, 2016.
    [BibTeX]
    @article{vieira2016growth,
    author = {Vieira, Elizabeth S and Lepori, Benedetto},
    interhash = {682c2db501428c0dc18fe468a1142dff},
    intrahash = {05988cf739b2e3c179bd2e9158e523eb},
    journal = {Journal of Informetrics},
    number = 1,
    pages = {286--298},
    publisher = {Elsevier},
    title = {The growth process of higher education institutions and public policies},
    volume = 10,
    year = 2016
    }

  • A. K. Idrissou, A. Khalili, R. Hoekstra, and P. van den Besselaar, “Managing metadata for science, technology and innovation studies: the risis case,” in 1st workshop on humanities in the semantic web (whise), 2016.
    [BibTeX]
    @inproceedings{idrissou2016managing,
    author = {Idrissou, Al Koudous and Khalili, Ali and Hoekstra, Rinke and van den Besselaar, Peter},
    booktitle = {1st Workshop on Humanities in the Semantic Web (WHiSe)},
    interhash = {0c7c56b5819e58894eac6eece49b7fa3},
    intrahash = {8a9491bcbb2e3b929ba0463d23906892},
    title = {Managing metadata for science, technology and innovation studies: The RISIS case},
    year = 2016
    }

  • A. Khalili, A. Loizou, and F. van Harmelen, “Adaptive linked data-driven web components: building flexible and reusable semantic web interfaces,” in Extended semantic web conference (eswc) 2016, 2016.
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    Due to the increasing amount of Linked Data openly published on the Web, user-facing Linked Data Applications (LDAs) are gaining momentum. One of the major entrance barriers for Web developers to contribute to this wave of LDAs is the required knowledge of Semantic Web technologies such as the RDF data model and SPARQL query language. This paper presents an adaptive component-based approach together with its open source implementation for creating flexible and reusable Semantic Web interfaces driven by Linked Data. Linked Data-driven (LD-R) Web components abstract the complexity of the underlying Semantic Web technologies in order to allow reuse of existing Web components in LDAs, enabling Web developers who are not experts in Semantic Web to develop interfaces that view, edit and browse Linked Data. In addition to the modularity provided by the LD-R components, the proposed RDF-based configuration method allows application assemblers to reshape their user interface for different use cases, by either reusing existing shared configurations or by creating their proprietary configurations.

    @inproceedings{khaliliLDR2016,
    abstract = {Due to the increasing amount of Linked Data openly published on the Web, user-facing Linked Data Applications (LDAs) are gaining momentum. One of the major entrance barriers for Web developers to contribute to this wave of LDAs is the required knowledge of Semantic Web technologies such as the RDF data model and SPARQL query language. This paper presents an adaptive component-based approach together with its open source implementation for creating flexible and reusable Semantic Web interfaces driven by Linked Data. Linked Data-driven (LD-R) Web components abstract the complexity of the underlying Semantic Web technologies in order to allow reuse of existing Web components in LDAs, enabling Web developers who are not experts in Semantic Web to develop interfaces that view, edit and browse Linked Data. In addition to the modularity provided by the LD-R components, the proposed RDF-based configuration method allows application assemblers to reshape their user interface for different use cases, by either reusing existing shared configurations or by creating their proprietary configurations.},
    author = {Khalili, Ali and Loizou, Antonis and van Harmelen, Frank},
    booktitle = {Extended Semantic Web Conference (ESWC) 2016},
    date-added = {2016-02-23 09:16:22 +0000},
    date-modified = {2016-02-23 09:21:13 +0000},
    interhash = {bcc7b71482cadaebf7afc0f247427ed3},
    intrahash = {5c6c251dd111a9e2460974dea110e88d},
    title = {Adaptive Linked Data-driven Web Components: Building Flexible and Reusable Semantic Web Interfaces},
    url = {http://research.ld-r.org/papers/eswc2016_adaptive-linked-data-driven-web-components.pdf},
    year = 2016
    }

2015

  • A. Schoen, P. van den Besselaar, and P. Laurens, “Is corporate r&d becoming more international? a case study,” , Publication , 2015.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @techreport{noauthororeditor,
    author = {Schoen, Antoine and van den Besselaar, Peter and Laurens, Patricia},
    interhash = {4a4042b59cd72aa6735c0aca99d667f1},
    intrahash = {b651c1412fdd60e7cd1087668e3c8491},
    title = {Is corporate R&D becoming more international? A case study},
    type = {Publication},
    url = {https://www.dropbox.com/s/9kq49ptwxj1cbq4/2015%20STI%20Schoen%20poster.pdf?dl=0},
    year = 2015
    }

  • F. Alkemade, G. Heimeriks, A. Schoen, L. Villard, and P. Laurens, “Tracking the internationalization of multinational corporate inventive activity: national and sectoral characteristics,” Research policy, vol. 44, iss. 9, pp. 1763-1772, 2015. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2015.01.007
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    This paper introduces a unique database, the Corporate Invention Board (CIB). The CIB combines patent data from the PATSTAT database with financial data from the ORBIS database about the 2289 companies with the largest R&D investments. We illustrate the database by showing a comprehensive overview of national and sectoral patterns of R&D internationalization by multinational corporations in the period 1993–2005. The results show heterogeneity in sectoral and national patterns of internationalization. These patterns have remained relatively stable over the 1993–2005 period. China is among the least internationalized countries and European countries, especially the UK and the Netherlands, are among the most internationalized countries. The largest countries in terms of patent production, such as Germany and the US, have internationalization profiles that can be very well predicted based upon their sectoral composition. Other country profiles, however, diverge significantly from the prediction based on sectoral profile. Asian countries are on average less internationalized than would be expected, whereas the European countries and Canada are more internationalized. We find that while national level indicators explain a large part of the variance observed in the ability of countries to attract R&D from foreign multinationals, there are significant differences between sectors and this has large implications for the design of foreign R&D and innovation policies. The CIB opens up a wide array of opportunities to study the internationalization strategies of firms and countries.

    @article{ALKEMADE20151763,
    abstract = {This paper introduces a unique database, the Corporate Invention Board (CIB). The CIB combines patent data from the PATSTAT database with financial data from the ORBIS database about the 2289 companies with the largest R&D investments. We illustrate the database by showing a comprehensive overview of national and sectoral patterns of R&D internationalization by multinational corporations in the period 1993–2005. The results show heterogeneity in sectoral and national patterns of internationalization. These patterns have remained relatively stable over the 1993–2005 period. China is among the least internationalized countries and European countries, especially the UK and the Netherlands, are among the most internationalized countries. The largest countries in terms of patent production, such as Germany and the US, have internationalization profiles that can be very well predicted based upon their sectoral composition. Other country profiles, however, diverge significantly from the prediction based on sectoral profile. Asian countries are on average less internationalized than would be expected, whereas the European countries and Canada are more internationalized. We find that while national level indicators explain a large part of the variance observed in the ability of countries to attract R&D from foreign multinationals, there are significant differences between sectors and this has large implications for the design of foreign R&D and innovation policies. The CIB opens up a wide array of opportunities to study the internationalization strategies of firms and countries.},
    author = {Alkemade, Floortje and Heimeriks, Gaston and Schoen, Antoine and Villard, Lionel and Laurens, Patricia},
    doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2015.01.007},
    interhash = {a9c7cdef2a2f4841cbbc3c5c0bddb711},
    intrahash = {9eb59f9711529b08262409e1225421e8},
    issn = {0048-7333},
    journal = {Research Policy},
    number = 9,
    pages = {1763 - 1772},
    title = {Tracking the internationalization of multinational corporate inventive activity: national and sectoral characteristics},
    url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048733315000098},
    volume = 44,
    year = 2015
    }

  • P. Laurens, C. Le Bas, A. Schoen, and P. Laredo, “Internationalisation de la recherche développement des fmn européennes : « déglobalisation »,” Management international, vol. 19, iss. 4, pp. 18-33, 2015.
    [BibTeX] [Abstract]

    The aim of the paper is to track the scale and the strategy of European multinational firms related to the internationalization of their R&D. We address two questions: 1. Can we confirm the general view assuming a growing trend in the internationalisation of technology? 2. Does the “home base augmenting” dominant strategy observed in the 1990s still hold? We use a patent data set for a sample of 349 firms and two time periods 1994-1996 and 2003-2005. We find out: 1) the remaining importance of the national technological bases of MNCs, 2) R&D internationalisation is not continuously growing over the period under observation, 3) an emerging trend working to the detriment of the home base augmenting strategy.

    @article{noauthororeditor2015internationalisation,
    abstract = {The aim of the paper is to track the scale and the strategy of European multinational firms related to the internationalization of their R&D. We address two questions: 1. Can we confirm the general view assuming a growing trend in the internationalisation of technology? 2. Does the “home base augmenting” dominant strategy observed in the 1990s still hold? We use a patent data set for a sample of 349 firms and two time periods 1994-1996 and 2003-2005. We find out: 1) the remaining importance of the national technological bases of MNCs, 2) R&D internationalisation is not continuously growing over the period under observation, 3) an emerging trend working to the detriment of the home base augmenting strategy.},
    author = {Laurens, Patricia and Le Bas, Christian and Schoen, Antoine and Laredo, Philippe},
    interhash = {3afdcc86b5a889dc49593ef5d9add955},
    intrahash = {9e17847ed6af9ae17e69091e7da6f416},
    journal = {Management International},
    number = 4,
    pages = {18-33},
    title = {Internationalisation de la recherche développement des FMN européennes : « déglobalisation »},
    volume = 19,
    year = 2015
    }

  • P. Laurens, C. Le Bas, A. Schoen, L. Villard, and P. Larédo, “The rate and motives of the internationalisation of large firm r&d (1994–2005): towards a turning point?,” Research policy, vol. 44, iss. 3, pp. 765-776, 2015. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2014.11.001
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    This paper addresses the internationalisation of R&D of large multinational firms by analysing their patents from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s. It highlights three major results. Firstly it does not reveal any significant increase of the global rate of R&D internationalisation, which remains at around 23%. This means that the national base remains prevalent in their technology production. Secondly it shows striking different regional trends: (i) a relative retraction of European firms that still remain more internationalised (30%) and have re-focused R&D in European countries, (ii) a continuing increase of the internationalisation of US firms (17%) and a very important loss of attractiveness of the US as a destination for R&D investments by non-US firms; and (iii) a rapid rise (but still limited) of Asian firm R&D internationalisation. Third, these movements did not promote, as anticipated, the role of technology-based motives (asset augmenting strategies) in the internationalisation of large firms R&D: Technology-based motives remain the most important of driver but the gap with market-based considerations has narrowed.

    @article{LAURENS2015765,
    abstract = {This paper addresses the internationalisation of R&D of large multinational firms by analysing their patents from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s. It highlights three major results. Firstly it does not reveal any significant increase of the global rate of R&D internationalisation, which remains at around 23%. This means that the national base remains prevalent in their technology production. Secondly it shows striking different regional trends: (i) a relative retraction of European firms that still remain more internationalised (30%) and have re-focused R&D in European countries, (ii) a continuing increase of the internationalisation of US firms (17%) and a very important loss of attractiveness of the US as a destination for R&D investments by non-US firms; and (iii) a rapid rise (but still limited) of Asian firm R&D internationalisation. Third, these movements did not promote, as anticipated, the role of technology-based motives (asset augmenting strategies) in the internationalisation of large firms R&D: Technology-based motives remain the most important of driver but the gap with market-based considerations has narrowed.},
    author = {Laurens, Patricia and Le Bas, Christian and Schoen, Antoine and Villard, Lionel and Larédo, Philippe},
    doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2014.11.001},
    interhash = {8eff5cf0f08fcb36adddbe7ef94a8b52},
    intrahash = {8cc97d9d93a47ced6f09cc10d1c754bc},
    issn = {0048-7333},
    journal = {Research Policy},
    number = 3,
    pages = {765 - 776},
    title = {The rate and motives of the internationalisation of large firm R&D (1994–2005): Towards a turning point?},
    url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048733314001929},
    volume = 44,
    year = 2015
    }

  • B. Lepori, V. Veglio, B. Heller-Schuh, T. Scherngell, and M. Barber, “Participations to european framework programs of higher education institutions and their association with organizational characteristics,” Scientometrics, vol. 105, iss. 3, pp. 2149-2178, 2015.
    [BibTeX]
    @article{lepori2015participations,
    author = {Lepori, Benedetto and Veglio, Valerio and Heller-Schuh, Barbara and Scherngell, Thomas and Barber, Michael},
    interhash = {1bb87a1b3c9eacb16faa81dd1945477f},
    intrahash = {17bd1c46aca52122ca3e0222f2718e3d},
    journal = {Scientometrics},
    number = 3,
    pages = {2149--2178},
    publisher = {Springer Netherlands},
    title = {Participations to European Framework Programs of higher education institutions and their association with organizational characteristics},
    volume = 105,
    year = 2015
    }

2014

  • B. Lepori, E. Reale, and P. Larédo, “Logics of integration and actors’ strategies in european joint programs,” Research policy, vol. 43, iss. 2, pp. 391-402, 2014. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2013.10.012
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    Abstract This paper analyses how the interaction between social institutions on the one hand and actors’ strategies and interests on the other hand is shaping European integration in research policy. We specifically focus on the implications of the existence of different conceptions of European integration (logics) on the emerging landscape of research funding programs jointly managed by the European Union (EU) and National States (joint programs). Our results display the central role of the introduction of a logic of coordination by the EU; it created a breeding ground for a new generation of programs and, at the same time, allowed to make the integration model more flexible and acceptable to National States (as funding became only virtually integrated). Most newly created programs were characterized by largely symbolic commitments and very small budgets, while stronger commitments had to be constructed through successive steps of integration. This process was highly selective and dependent on the presence of strong interests from the research community; additional funding from the \{EU\} was critical to ensure stability of national commitments. Further, National States by large delegated to independent funding agencies the management of national participations: delegation allowed to achieve greater homogeneity among national participants, but also to decouple decisions to participate (driven by compliance to institutional pressures) from the level of resources to be committed (driven by national interests). While in the year 2000, the European Research Area (ERA) strategy of coordinating national research policies was largely an empty concept, our case study shows how in the following decade, it was filled in with specific experiences and practices, led to the redefinition of actors’ understanding of European integration and roles in European research policies and, ultimately, to the emergence of original models of integration.

    @article{Lepori2014391,
    abstract = {Abstract This paper analyses how the interaction between social institutions on the one hand and actors’ strategies and interests on the other hand is shaping European integration in research policy. We specifically focus on the implications of the existence of different conceptions of European integration (logics) on the emerging landscape of research funding programs jointly managed by the European Union (EU) and National States (joint programs). Our results display the central role of the introduction of a logic of coordination by the EU; it created a breeding ground for a new generation of programs and, at the same time, allowed to make the integration model more flexible and acceptable to National States (as funding became only virtually integrated). Most newly created programs were characterized by largely symbolic commitments and very small budgets, while stronger commitments had to be constructed through successive steps of integration. This process was highly selective and dependent on the presence of strong interests from the research community; additional funding from the \{EU\} was critical to ensure stability of national commitments. Further, National States by large delegated to independent funding agencies the management of national participations: delegation allowed to achieve greater homogeneity among national participants, but also to decouple decisions to participate (driven by compliance to institutional pressures) from the level of resources to be committed (driven by national interests). While in the year 2000, the European Research Area (ERA) strategy of coordinating national research policies was largely an empty concept, our case study shows how in the following decade, it was filled in with specific experiences and practices, led to the redefinition of actors’ understanding of European integration and roles in European research policies and, ultimately, to the emergence of original models of integration. },
    author = {Lepori, Benedetto and Reale, Emanuela and Larédo, Philippe},
    doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2013.10.012},
    interhash = {26172d268d395f4f0be394f7f21ed718},
    intrahash = {186cb4bf4ae1c1d6ae668fb0edea64b2},
    issn = {0048-7333},
    journal = {Research Policy },
    number = 2,
    pages = {391 - 402},
    title = {Logics of integration and actors’ strategies in European joint programs },
    url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048733313001911},
    volume = 43,
    year = 2014
    }

  • E. Primeri, E. Reale, B. Lepori, P. Laredo, M. Nedeva, and D. Thomas, “Measuring the opening of national r&d programs: what indicators for what purposes?,” Research evaluation, 2014. doi:10.1093/reseval/rvu018
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    The opening of national research programs has gained importance as a means for increasing international collaboration and for improving the quality and efficiency of scientific research at the national, European, and international levels. The concept of opening refers to the fact that actors who do not belong to a national research space can participate in research funding programs. This complex and multidimensional phenomenon can be operationalized through different measures: the participation of foreign partners in domestic research activities with or without funding, the portability of grants when moving abroad, and agreements for international collaboration (with or without complementary funding). This underlines the importance of having descriptors and indicators, which could provide evidence of different patterns of opening and contrasting perspectives on policy motivations and goals behind opening decisions. The article presents the descriptors and indicators used for exploring opening patterns and logics, which characterize the main project funding instruments in three countries (Switzerland, France, and Italy) on the basis of data collected within the JOREP1 project. Preliminary evidence emerging from the three countries surveyed are presented and discussed.

    @article{Primeri20082014,
    abstract = {The opening of national research programs has gained importance as a means for increasing international collaboration and for improving the quality and efficiency of scientific research at the national, European, and international levels. The concept of opening refers to the fact that actors who do not belong to a national research space can participate in research funding programs. This complex and multidimensional phenomenon can be operationalized through different measures: the participation of foreign partners in domestic research activities with or without funding, the portability of grants when moving abroad, and agreements for international collaboration (with or without complementary funding). This underlines the importance of having descriptors and indicators, which could provide evidence of different patterns of opening and contrasting perspectives on policy motivations and goals behind opening decisions. The article presents the descriptors and indicators used for exploring opening patterns and logics, which characterize the main project funding instruments in three countries (Switzerland, France, and Italy) on the basis of data collected within the JOREP1 project. Preliminary evidence emerging from the three countries surveyed are presented and discussed.},
    author = {Primeri, Emilia and Reale, Emanuela and Lepori, Benedetto and Laredo, Philippe and Nedeva, Maria and Thomas, Duncan},
    doi = {10.1093/reseval/rvu018},
    eprint = {http://rev.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/08/20/reseval.rvu018.full.pdf+html},
    interhash = {05e74a0d013f81888d02a8cb3ea5ba70},
    intrahash = {741dd12babd3c6b96b9d501e2f52fc2c},
    journal = {Research Evaluation},
    title = {Measuring the opening of national R&D programs: what indicators for what purposes?},
    url = {http://rev.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/08/20/reseval.rvu018.abstract},
    year = 2014
    }