CONTACT
This project is funded by the European Union under the Seventh Framework Programme Grant Agreement n°313082
European Union

Publications

Dataset-specific publications can be found at http://datasets.risis.eu (e.g. check EUPRO use cases).

2017

  • K. A. de Graaf and A. Khalili, “Visualizing linked data as habitable cities,” in 3rd workshop on visualization and interaction for ontologies and linked data (voila), 2017.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @inproceedings{degraaf2017visualizing,
    author = {de Graaf, Klaas Andries and Khalili, Ali},
    booktitle = {3rd Workshop on Visualization and Interaction for Ontologies and Linked Data (VOILA)},
    interhash = {bc918d352992b34fbd5a26b279347222},
    intrahash = {94aaa28b8865b9add9f2a4e629f45e51},
    title = {Visualizing Linked Data as Habitable Cities},
    url = {http://voila2017.visualdataweb.org},
    venue = {VOILA 2017 @ ISWC 2017},
    year = 2017
    }

  • P. van den Besselaar, A. Khalili, K. de Graaf, A. Idrissou, and F. van Harmelen, “Sms: a platform for linking and enriching data for science and innovation studies,” in The 7th global techmining conference (gtm), 2017.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @conference{vandenbesselaar2017platform,
    author = {van den Besselaar, Peter and Khalili, Ali and de Graaf, Klaas and Idrissou, Al and van Harmelen, Frank},
    booktitle = {the 7th Global TechMining Conference (GTM)},
    eventtitle = {Atlanta Conference on Science and Innovation Policy (ATLC)},
    interhash = {01a791a5aa967fc298e9e4241a5c8bd6},
    intrahash = {06885a20c59a20aba1624e472e797fef},
    title = {SMS: a platform for linking and enriching data for science and innovation studies},
    url = {http://www.gtmconference.org},
    venue = {Atlanta, Georgia},
    year = 2017
    }

  • P. van den Besselaar, A. Khalili, and U. Sandström, “Evaluating research portfolio’s through ontology based text annotation,” in The 7th global techmining conference (gtm) 2017, 2017.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @conference{vandenbesselaar2017evaluating,
    author = {van den Besselaar, Peter and Khalili, Ali and Sandström, Ulf},
    booktitle = {the 7th Global TechMining Conference (GTM) 2017},
    eventtitle = {Atlanta Conference on Science and Innovation Policy (ATLC)},
    interhash = {f6131627ca51b1c64ab36be29e7342f5},
    intrahash = {c3eaf1d680f067d22d7a23256fee6b78},
    title = {Evaluating research portfolio's through ontology based text annotation
    },
    url = {http://www.gtmconference.org},
    year = 2017
    }

  • P. V. D. Besselaar, A. Khalili, F. V. Harmelen, and K. de Graaf, “Improving social research using heterogeneous data the sms platform,” , 2017.
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    Funded by the European Commission, the SMS platform supports data integration and enrichment, and links the data to advanced analytical and visualization tools. The paper describes the platform very briefly. In the presentation, we will show how it can be used.

    @presentation{besselaar2017improving,
    abstract = {Funded by the European Commission, the SMS platform supports data integration and
    enrichment, and links the data to advanced analytical and visualization tools. The paper describes
    the platform very briefly. In the presentation, we will show how it can be used.},
    author = {Besselaar, Peter Van Den and Khalili, Ali and Harmelen, Frank Van and de Graaf, Klaas},
    eventdate = {July 10-13},
    eventtitle = {INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTATIONAL SOCIAL SCIENCE},
    interhash = {104837da307bbc361069c2e13bff0c0b},
    intrahash = {5379d560464f48eed73c94d30af10dcf},
    title = {Improving social research using heterogeneous data
    The SMS platform},
    url = {https://ic2s2.org/2017/elements/accepted_posters.html},
    venue = {Cologne, Germany},
    year = 2017
    }

  • P. van den Besselaar, A. Khalili, and U. Sandström, “Evaluating research portfolios, a method and a case1,” in The 2017 sti (science, technology and innovation indicators) conference, 2017.
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    Evaluating whether a portfolio of funded research projects (of a research council), or a portfolio of research papers (the output of a university) is relevant for science and for society required two-dimensional mapping of the project portfolio: (i) projecting the portfolio on a science map showing how the portfolio fits into and possibly shapes the research fronts, and (ii) projecting the portfolio on a map of societal challenges, showing where the portfolio links to societal problem solving or innovation. This requires evaluating in two different ‘languages’: a technical language relating projects to the research front, and a societal language relating the projects to societal challenges. In this paper, we demonstrate a method for doing so, using the SMS-platform. The advantage is that the method is much less dependent on subjective classifications by single experts or a small group of experts, and that it is rather user-friendly.

    @conference{vandenbesselaar2017evaluating,
    abstract = {Evaluating whether a portfolio of funded research projects (of a research council), or a
    portfolio of research papers (the output of a university) is relevant for science and for society
    required two-dimensional mapping of the project portfolio: (i) projecting the portfolio on a
    science map showing how the portfolio fits into and possibly shapes the research fronts, and
    (ii) projecting the portfolio on a map of societal challenges, showing where the portfolio links
    to societal problem solving or innovation. This requires evaluating in two different
    ‘languages’: a technical language relating projects to the research front, and a societal
    language relating the projects to societal challenges. In this paper, we demonstrate a method
    for doing so, using the SMS-platform. The advantage is that the method is much less
    dependent on subjective classifications by single experts or a small group of experts, and that
    it is rather user-friendly.},
    author = {van den Besselaar, Peter and Khalili, Ali and Sandström, Ulf},
    booktitle = {The 2017 STI (Science, Technology and Innovation indicators) conference},
    interhash = {2188d09aea3d79b2564127e246f0220b},
    intrahash = {effcafb106633b61020be16d79ffba9d},
    month = {September},
    title = {Evaluating research portfolios, a method and a case1},
    url = {https://sti2017.paris/},
    venue = {Paris, France},
    year = 2017
    }

  • A. Khalili, P. van den Besselaar, and K. A. de Graaf, “A linked open data based system for flexible delineation of geographic areas,” , 2017.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @presentation{khalili2017linked,
    author = {Khalili, Ali and van den Besselaar, Peter and de Graaf, Klaas Andries},
    eventdate = {29 August - 1 September 2017},
    eventtitle = {The 57th Congress of the European Regional Science (ERSA)},
    interhash = {21e1995f1db596dd1dfb7b3fba49bda4},
    intrahash = {22acd8827021e6f2d55f82792f24e867},
    title = {A linked open data based system for flexible delineation of geographic areas},
    url = {https://ersa.eventsair.com/QuickEventWebsitePortal/2017-ersa-congress/official-website},
    venue = {Groningen},
    year = 2017
    }

  • A. K. Idrissou, R. Hoekstra, F. van Harmelen, A. Khalili, and P. van den Besselaar, “Is my:sameas the same as your:sameas?,” in The ninth international conference on knowledge capture: k-cap 2017, 2017.
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    Linking between entities in different datasets is a crucial element of the Semantic Web architecture, since those links allow us to integrate datasets without having to agree on a uniform vocabulary. However, it is widely acknowledged that the owl:sameAs construct is too blunt a tool for this purpose. It entails full equality between two resources independent of context. But whether or not two resources should be considered equal depends not only on their intrinsic properties, but also on the purpose or task for which the resources are used. We present a system for constructing contextspecific equality links. In a first step, our system generates a set of probable links between two given datasets. These potential links are decorated with rich metadata describing how, why, when and by whom they were generated. In a second step, a user then selects the links which are suited for the current task and context, constructing a context-specific “Lenticular Lens”. Such lenses can be combined using operators such as union, intersection, difference and composition. We illustrate and validate our approach with

    @inproceedings{idrissou2017mysameas,
    abstract = {Linking between entities in different datasets is a crucial element
    of the Semantic Web architecture, since those links allow us to
    integrate datasets without having to agree on a uniform vocabulary.
    However, it is widely acknowledged that the owl:sameAs construct
    is too blunt a tool for this purpose. It entails full equality between
    two resources independent of context. But whether or not two
    resources should be considered equal depends not only on their
    intrinsic properties, but also on the purpose or task for which the
    resources are used. We present a system for constructing contextspecific
    equality links. In a first step, our system generates a set of
    probable links between two given datasets. These potential links
    are decorated with rich metadata describing how, why, when and
    by whom they were generated. In a second step, a user then selects
    the links which are suited for the current task and context, constructing
    a context-specific “Lenticular Lens”. Such lenses can be
    combined using operators such as union, intersection, difference
    and composition. We illustrate and validate our approach with},
    author = {Idrissou, Al Koudous and Hoekstra, Rinke and van Harmelen, Frank and Khalili, Ali and van den Besselaar, Peter},
    booktitle = {The ninth international conference on knowledge capture: k-cap 2017},
    interhash = {7c3298a0cc67520bbb5cbcd702adc981},
    intrahash = {2cd0e31debf5354a1cf9d78bb4fa20ef},
    title = {Is my:sameAs the same as your:sameAs?},
    url = {https://k-cap2017.org},
    year = 2017
    }

  • A. Khalili, P. van Andel, P. van den Besselaar, and K. A. de Graaf, “Fostering serendipitous knowledge discovery using an adaptive multigraph-based faceted browser,” in The ninth international conference on knowledge capture: k-cap 2017, 2017. doi:10.1145/3148011.3148037
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    Serendipity, the art of making an unsought finding plays also an important role in the emerging field of data science, allowing the discovery of interesting and valuable facts not initially sought for. Previous research has extracted many serendipity-fostering patterns applicable to digital data-driven systems. Linked Open Data (LOD) on the Web which is powered by the Follow-Your-Nose effect, provides already a rich source for serendipity. The serendipity most often takes place when browsing data. Therefore, flexible and intuitive browsing user interfaces which support serendipity triggers such as enigmas, anomalies and novelties, can increase the likelihood of serendipity on LOD. In this work, we propose a set of serendipity-fostering design features supported by an adaptive multigraph-based faceted browsing interface to catalyze serendipity on Semantic Web and LOD environments.

    @inproceedings{khalili2017fostering,
    abstract = {Serendipity, the art of making an unsought finding plays also an important role in the emerging field of data science, allowing the discovery of interesting and valuable facts not initially sought for.
    Previous research has extracted many serendipity-fostering patterns applicable to digital data-driven systems.
    Linked Open Data (LOD) on the Web which is powered by the Follow-Your-Nose effect, provides already a rich source for serendipity.
    The serendipity most often takes place when browsing data.
    Therefore, flexible and intuitive browsing user interfaces which support serendipity triggers such as enigmas, anomalies and novelties, can increase the likelihood of serendipity on LOD.
    In this work, we propose a set of serendipity-fostering design features supported by an adaptive multigraph-based faceted browsing interface to catalyze serendipity on Semantic Web and LOD environments.},
    author = {Khalili, Ali and van Andel, Pek and van den Besselaar, Peter and de Graaf, Klaas Andries},
    booktitle = {The Ninth International Conference on Knowledge Capture: K-CAP 2017},
    doi = {10.1145/3148011.3148037},
    interhash = {d03de6e80600e306fd46e13cd44c4d3b},
    intrahash = {dbe7a7dd97d3201ce3b79564cf076860},
    isbn = {978-1-4503-5553-7/17/12},
    publisher = {ACM},
    title = {Fostering Serendipitous Knowledge Discovery using an Adaptive Multigraph-based Faceted Browser},
    url = {http://research.ld-r.org/papers/three-pincess-LinkedData.pdf},
    year = 2017
    }

  • A. Khalili and K. A. de Graaf, “Linked data reactor: towards data-aware user interfaces,” in Semantics 2017, 2017.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @inproceedings{khalili2017linked,
    author = {Khalili, Ali and de Graaf, Klaas Andries},
    booktitle = {SEMANTiCS 2017 },
    interhash = {bb512e0293d1a5fb8b17f49cfa01c58d},
    intrahash = {0ae3fbb67af461600b5618f1caa94351},
    title = {Linked Data Reactor: Towards Data-aware User Interfaces},
    url = {http://research.ld-r.org/papers/Semantics_2017_dataAwareUIs.pdf},
    year = 2017
    }

  • A. Khalili and A. Meroño-Peñuela, “Wysiwyq — what you see is what you query,” in Visualization and interaction for ontologies and linked data (voila) 2017, 2017.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @inproceedings{khalili2017wysiwyq,
    author = {Khalili, Ali and Meroño-Peñuela, Albert},
    booktitle = {Visualization and Interaction for Ontologies and Linked Data (VOILA) 2017},
    interhash = {3e55d4396b6a1df143d287995fc84e8b},
    intrahash = {81403d193eecb344157d39c9dc4283ac},
    title = {WYSIWYQ -- What You See Is What You Query},
    url = {http://research.ld-r.org/papers/wysiwyq.pdf},
    year = 2017
    }

  • A. Khalili, P. van den Besselaar, I. Al Koudous, K. A. de Graaf, and F. van Harmelen, “Semantically mapping science (sms) platform,” in Semsci 2017: enabling open semantic science, 2017, pp. 1-6.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @inproceedings{khalili2017semantically,
    author = {Khalili, Ali and van den Besselaar, Peter and Al Koudous, Idrissou and de Graaf, Klaas Andries and van Harmelen, Frank},
    booktitle = {SemSci 2017: Enabling Open Semantic Science},
    interhash = {cf44fefc185a53e638a23c052c0e9199},
    intrahash = {054d2581378d026bdb504d59ed09e4d9},
    pages = {1-6},
    publisher = {CEUR workshop proceedings},
    title = {Semantically Mapping Science (SMS) Platform},
    url = {http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1931/},
    year = 2017
    }

2016

  • L. Patricia, L. B. Christian, S. Antoine, and L. Stéphane, “Technological contribution of mnes to the growth of energy-greentech sector in the early post-kyoto period,” Environmental economics and policy studies, vol. 18, iss. 2, pp. 169-191, 2016. doi:10.1007/s10018-015-0125-2
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    We consider the commitment of large firms with high R{&}D investments to the development of technologies of climate change mitigation related to the production or storage of energy. We analyze such climate change mitigation technologies focused on energy production and storage (energy CCMT) across the globe with the aim of assessing whether the Kyoto Protocol fosters the diffusion of inventive activity in energy greentech. Using patents as the key dataset, we give an empirical description of the corporate patenting activity and assess its contribution to the overall energy CCMT inventions across countries and sectors of energy greentech before and after the signing of the Kyoto Protocol (1997). Our observations indicate that climate change issues and greentech development have not been prioritized to the same extent by firms of western countries as opposed to, for example, Japanese firms in the beginning of the 2000s. However, we witness a growing commitment in most of the western countries. US large firms were more prone to gain skills in renewable energy technologies than most of their European counterparts, which continue to heavily invest in traditional energies such as Nuclear energy and Combustion.

    @article{Laurens2016,
    abstract = {We consider the commitment of large firms with high R{\&}D investments to the development of technologies of climate change mitigation related to the production or storage of energy. We analyze such climate change mitigation technologies focused on energy production and storage (energy CCMT) across the globe with the aim of assessing whether the Kyoto Protocol fosters the diffusion of inventive activity in energy greentech. Using patents as the key dataset, we give an empirical description of the corporate patenting activity and assess its contribution to the overall energy CCMT inventions across countries and sectors of energy greentech before and after the signing of the Kyoto Protocol (1997). Our observations indicate that climate change issues and greentech development have not been prioritized to the same extent by firms of western countries as opposed to, for example, Japanese firms in the beginning of the 2000s. However, we witness a growing commitment in most of the western countries. US large firms were more prone to gain skills in renewable energy technologies than most of their European counterparts, which continue to heavily invest in traditional energies such as Nuclear energy and Combustion.},
    author = {Patricia, Laurens and Christian, Le Bas and Antoine, Schoen and Stéphane, Lhuillery},
    doi = {10.1007/s10018-015-0125-2},
    interhash = {1450c25856bc84fe1b1efc8040f59ec0},
    intrahash = {f18c3f73ed832ddccb8b08316387a5b8},
    issn = {1867-383X},
    journal = {Environmental Economics and Policy Studies},
    number = 2,
    pages = {169-191},
    title = {Technological contribution of MNEs to the growth of energy-greentech sector in the early post-Kyoto period},
    url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10018-015-0125-2},
    volume = 18,
    year = 2016
    }

  • L. Patricia, L. B. Christian, L. Stéphane, and S. Antoine, “Economics of innovation and new technology,” Economics of innovation and new technology., vol. 26, iss. 4, pp. 311-333, 2016.
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    This paper develops a theoretical model of product innovation where research and development (R&D) effort by a monopolist firm is endogenous and its outcome uncertain. The government attempts to aid such efforts with a matching grant. We consider different scenarios depending on whether two parties act simultaneously, act sequentially, or take part in a dynamic cooperative game with a trigger strategy. We also consider cases (i) when the products are exported, (ii) when the firm lobbies for R&D subsidy, and (iii) when the firm is foreign owned. We characterize situations when government intervention increases the chances of product innovation and when it does not.

    @article{patricia1990economics,
    abstract = {This paper develops a theoretical model of product innovation where research and development (R&D) effort by a monopolist firm is endogenous and its outcome uncertain. The government attempts to aid such efforts with a matching grant. We consider different scenarios depending on whether two parties act simultaneously, act sequentially, or take part in a dynamic cooperative game with a trigger strategy. We also consider cases (i) when the products are exported, (ii) when the firm lobbies for R&D subsidy, and (iii) when the firm is foreign owned. We characterize situations when government intervention increases the chances of product innovation and when it does not.},
    address = {Chur; New York},
    author = {Patricia, Laurens and Christian, Le Bas and Stéphane, Lhuillery and Antoine, Schoen},
    interhash = {edd1e3e1627692da07cdd37e46f3a5e9},
    intrahash = {9eadf34855ca175102fc19e531595128},
    issn = {10438599},
    journal = {Economics of innovation and new technology.},
    number = 4,
    pages = {311-333},
    publisher = {Harwood Academic},
    refid = {19583017},
    title = {Economics of innovation and new technology},
    url = {http://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=10438599&dblist=638&fq=dt%3Aser&qt=facet_dt%3A},
    volume = 26,
    year = 2016
    }

  • S. Schlobach, A. Koudous Idrissou, R. Hoekstra, A. Khalili, F. Van Harmelen, and P. Van den Besselaar, “Interim report on the disambiguation results, risis deliverable d25-1,” 2016.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @techreport{schlobach2016interim,
    author = {Schlobach, Stefan and Koudous Idrissou, Al and Hoekstra, Rinke and Khalili, Ali and Van Harmelen, Frank and Van den Besselaar, Peter},
    interhash = {eed015b581a4f723074b3a9834236eb8},
    intrahash = {7f69aeaa42df833983d6b0e151dafb5a},
    title = {Interim report on the disambiguation results, RISIS deliverable D25-1},
    url = {https://www.dropbox.com/s/o77uxiqc914tj4s/D25-1.pdf?dl=0},
    year = 2016
    }

  • P. van den Besselaar, A. Khalili, K. A. De Graaf, A. Koudous Idrissou, A. Loizou, S. Schlobach, and F. van Harmelen, “Towards an open data infrastructure for sti data. oecd blue sky conference, gent, september 2016.” 2016.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @conference{vandenbesselaar2016towards,
    author = {van den Besselaar, Peter and Khalili, Ali and De Graaf, Klaas Andries and Koudous Idrissou, Al and Loizou, Anthonis and Schlobach, Stefan and van Harmelen, Frank},
    interhash = {105923b865c3380477114c601554a13d},
    intrahash = {cf7530689bbdb7830e761932430d3e64},
    title = {Towards an open data infrastructure for STI data. OECD Blue Sky Conference, Gent, September 2016},
    url = {https://www.dropbox.com/s/gqq2ojc4z41e3dn/2016BlueSkyV4.pdf?dl=0},
    year = 2016
    }

  • P. van den Besselaar, A. Khalili, A. Koudous Idrissou, S. Schlobach, and F. van Harmelen, “Sms: a linked open data infrastructure for science and innovation studies.,” in Peripheries, frontiers and beyond; proceedings of the 21st sti conference, 2016, pp. 106-114.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @inproceedings{vandenbesselaar2016linked,
    author = {van den Besselaar, Peter and Khalili, Ali and Koudous Idrissou, Al and Schlobach, Stefan and van Harmelen, Frank},
    booktitle = { Peripheries, Frontiers and Beyond; proceedings of the 21st STI Conference},
    editor = {Rafols, Ismael},
    interhash = {cc1fcb05d9c176e08c9470536c92703d},
    intrahash = {efe48d3142512c3fda625fc755ffd1a9},
    pages = {106-114},
    publisher = {University Valencia},
    title = {SMS: a linked open data infrastructure for science and innovation studies.},
    url = {https://www.dropbox.com/s/u5rk2bzxaupssdn/20160914%20SMS%20STI.pdf?dl=0},
    year = 2016
    }

2015

  • A. Schoen, P. van den Besselaar, and P. Laurens, “Is corporate r&d becoming more international? a case study,” , Publication , 2015.
    [BibTeX] [Download PDF]
    @techreport{noauthororeditor,
    author = {Schoen, Antoine and van den Besselaar, Peter and Laurens, Patricia},
    interhash = {4a4042b59cd72aa6735c0aca99d667f1},
    intrahash = {b651c1412fdd60e7cd1087668e3c8491},
    title = {Is corporate R&D becoming more international? A case study},
    type = {Publication},
    url = {https://www.dropbox.com/s/9kq49ptwxj1cbq4/2015%20STI%20Schoen%20poster.pdf?dl=0},
    year = 2015
    }

  • F. Alkemade, G. Heimeriks, A. Schoen, L. Villard, and P. Laurens, “Tracking the internationalization of multinational corporate inventive activity: national and sectoral characteristics,” Research policy, vol. 44, iss. 9, pp. 1763-1772, 2015. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2015.01.007
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    This paper introduces a unique database, the Corporate Invention Board (CIB). The CIB combines patent data from the PATSTAT database with financial data from the ORBIS database about the 2289 companies with the largest R&D investments. We illustrate the database by showing a comprehensive overview of national and sectoral patterns of R&D internationalization by multinational corporations in the period 1993–2005. The results show heterogeneity in sectoral and national patterns of internationalization. These patterns have remained relatively stable over the 1993–2005 period. China is among the least internationalized countries and European countries, especially the UK and the Netherlands, are among the most internationalized countries. The largest countries in terms of patent production, such as Germany and the US, have internationalization profiles that can be very well predicted based upon their sectoral composition. Other country profiles, however, diverge significantly from the prediction based on sectoral profile. Asian countries are on average less internationalized than would be expected, whereas the European countries and Canada are more internationalized. We find that while national level indicators explain a large part of the variance observed in the ability of countries to attract R&D from foreign multinationals, there are significant differences between sectors and this has large implications for the design of foreign R&D and innovation policies. The CIB opens up a wide array of opportunities to study the internationalization strategies of firms and countries.

    @article{ALKEMADE20151763,
    abstract = {This paper introduces a unique database, the Corporate Invention Board (CIB). The CIB combines patent data from the PATSTAT database with financial data from the ORBIS database about the 2289 companies with the largest R&D investments. We illustrate the database by showing a comprehensive overview of national and sectoral patterns of R&D internationalization by multinational corporations in the period 1993–2005. The results show heterogeneity in sectoral and national patterns of internationalization. These patterns have remained relatively stable over the 1993–2005 period. China is among the least internationalized countries and European countries, especially the UK and the Netherlands, are among the most internationalized countries. The largest countries in terms of patent production, such as Germany and the US, have internationalization profiles that can be very well predicted based upon their sectoral composition. Other country profiles, however, diverge significantly from the prediction based on sectoral profile. Asian countries are on average less internationalized than would be expected, whereas the European countries and Canada are more internationalized. We find that while national level indicators explain a large part of the variance observed in the ability of countries to attract R&D from foreign multinationals, there are significant differences between sectors and this has large implications for the design of foreign R&D and innovation policies. The CIB opens up a wide array of opportunities to study the internationalization strategies of firms and countries.},
    author = {Alkemade, Floortje and Heimeriks, Gaston and Schoen, Antoine and Villard, Lionel and Laurens, Patricia},
    doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2015.01.007},
    interhash = {a9c7cdef2a2f4841cbbc3c5c0bddb711},
    intrahash = {9eb59f9711529b08262409e1225421e8},
    issn = {0048-7333},
    journal = {Research Policy},
    number = 9,
    pages = {1763 - 1772},
    title = {Tracking the internationalization of multinational corporate inventive activity: national and sectoral characteristics},
    url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048733315000098},
    volume = 44,
    year = 2015
    }

  • P. Laurens, C. Le Bas, A. Schoen, and P. Laredo, “Internationalisation de la recherche développement des fmn européennes : « déglobalisation »,” Management international, vol. 19, iss. 4, pp. 18-33, 2015.
    [BibTeX] [Abstract]

    The aim of the paper is to track the scale and the strategy of European multinational firms related to the internationalization of their R&D. We address two questions: 1. Can we confirm the general view assuming a growing trend in the internationalisation of technology? 2. Does the “home base augmenting” dominant strategy observed in the 1990s still hold? We use a patent data set for a sample of 349 firms and two time periods 1994-1996 and 2003-2005. We find out: 1) the remaining importance of the national technological bases of MNCs, 2) R&D internationalisation is not continuously growing over the period under observation, 3) an emerging trend working to the detriment of the home base augmenting strategy.

    @article{noauthororeditor2015internationalisation,
    abstract = {The aim of the paper is to track the scale and the strategy of European multinational firms related to the internationalization of their R&D. We address two questions: 1. Can we confirm the general view assuming a growing trend in the internationalisation of technology? 2. Does the “home base augmenting” dominant strategy observed in the 1990s still hold? We use a patent data set for a sample of 349 firms and two time periods 1994-1996 and 2003-2005. We find out: 1) the remaining importance of the national technological bases of MNCs, 2) R&D internationalisation is not continuously growing over the period under observation, 3) an emerging trend working to the detriment of the home base augmenting strategy.},
    author = {Laurens, Patricia and Le Bas, Christian and Schoen, Antoine and Laredo, Philippe},
    interhash = {3afdcc86b5a889dc49593ef5d9add955},
    intrahash = {9e17847ed6af9ae17e69091e7da6f416},
    journal = {Management International},
    number = 4,
    pages = {18-33},
    title = {Internationalisation de la recherche développement des FMN européennes : « déglobalisation »},
    volume = 19,
    year = 2015
    }

  • P. Laurens, C. Le Bas, A. Schoen, L. Villard, and P. Larédo, “The rate and motives of the internationalisation of large firm r&d (1994–2005): towards a turning point?,” Research policy, vol. 44, iss. 3, pp. 765-776, 2015. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2014.11.001
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF]

    This paper addresses the internationalisation of R&D of large multinational firms by analysing their patents from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s. It highlights three major results. Firstly it does not reveal any significant increase of the global rate of R&D internationalisation, which remains at around 23%. This means that the national base remains prevalent in their technology production. Secondly it shows striking different regional trends: (i) a relative retraction of European firms that still remain more internationalised (30%) and have re-focused R&D in European countries, (ii) a continuing increase of the internationalisation of US firms (17%) and a very important loss of attractiveness of the US as a destination for R&D investments by non-US firms; and (iii) a rapid rise (but still limited) of Asian firm R&D internationalisation. Third, these movements did not promote, as anticipated, the role of technology-based motives (asset augmenting strategies) in the internationalisation of large firms R&D: Technology-based motives remain the most important of driver but the gap with market-based considerations has narrowed.

    @article{LAURENS2015765,
    abstract = {This paper addresses the internationalisation of R&D of large multinational firms by analysing their patents from the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s. It highlights three major results. Firstly it does not reveal any significant increase of the global rate of R&D internationalisation, which remains at around 23%. This means that the national base remains prevalent in their technology production. Secondly it shows striking different regional trends: (i) a relative retraction of European firms that still remain more internationalised (30%) and have re-focused R&D in European countries, (ii) a continuing increase of the internationalisation of US firms (17%) and a very important loss of attractiveness of the US as a destination for R&D investments by non-US firms; and (iii) a rapid rise (but still limited) of Asian firm R&D internationalisation. Third, these movements did not promote, as anticipated, the role of technology-based motives (asset augmenting strategies) in the internationalisation of large firms R&D: Technology-based motives remain the most important of driver but the gap with market-based considerations has narrowed.},
    author = {Laurens, Patricia and Le Bas, Christian and Schoen, Antoine and Villard, Lionel and Larédo, Philippe},
    doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2014.11.001},
    interhash = {8eff5cf0f08fcb36adddbe7ef94a8b52},
    intrahash = {8cc97d9d93a47ced6f09cc10d1c754bc},
    issn = {0048-7333},
    journal = {Research Policy},
    number = 3,
    pages = {765 - 776},
    title = {The rate and motives of the internationalisation of large firm R&D (1994–2005): Towards a turning point?},
    url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048733314001929},
    volume = 44,
    year = 2015
    }